Gait and Balance Therapy

Gait and Balance Therapy

Physical Therapy might help you regain your footing.

We’ve all had dizzy spells at some point in our lives. It is not a nice sensation, to say the least. You have the feeling that the entire universe is ready to crumble beneath your feet! With balance and gait issues, this sensation is rather prevalent.

For some people, on the other hand, feeling dizzy and unsteady is a common occurrence. Are you seeking walls, railings, or other elements to assist you to stay balanced? Is your balance no longer what it once was? If this sounds like you, you may have a balance or gait problem that needs to be addressed.

What Is The Difference Between Gait And Balance Disorders?

While there are many parallels and variances between balance and gait disorders, there are also many distinctions. Here’s what you need to know about gait abnormalities vs. balance disorders:

Disturbance of balance

Because your brain may assume you are moving when you aren’t, balance issues can be both physical and mental. You can feel like you’re falling, stumbling while walking, or floating. Other common symptoms include blurred vision and dizziness. Your balance is affected by changes in joint strength, mobility, and proprioception (the ability to perceive where your joints are in space).

Gait problems

Gait disorders cause erratic walking and running actions. As you become older, these irregularities may become more noticeable. Strokes, inner ear problems, foot problems, and even something as simple as ill-fitting shoes can all cause them.

Gait and Balance Disorders: What Causes Them?

A range of factors might contribute to balance and gait issues. Your vestibular system is in charge of your sense of location, which is also known as “proprioception.” The vestibular system is to blame for a lot of balance disorders.

underlying musculoskeletal and neurological disorders may cause or exacerbate a difficulty with your balance or gait. 

Some common vestibular illnesses that cause balance problems include:

Neurological complications

There are hundreds of neurological conditions that can cause balance and gait impairments. Parkinson’s disease, a brain injury, or a stroke are examples.

Paroxysmal benign positional vertigo (BPPV)

BPPV is caused by calcium particles breaking off in the inner ear, producing balance problems.

Ailments and injuries

A sudden injury, disease, accident, or another ailment that produces muscle weakness can throw your balance off and make it difficult to stay upright, even if your brain and neurological system are in perfect harmony.

Physical therapy is the most effective treatment for balance and gait problems. 

The following exercises and therapy modalities may be included in your balance or gait issue treatment plan:

Exercises to improve gait

Gait irregularities can sometimes be rectified through “retraining,” which entails learning the right procedures. This type of therapy can also be beneficial to runners.

Rehabilitation of the vestibular system

If you have a balance or gait problem, there are exercises to help transfer the calcium debris to the appropriate portions of your ear. To maintain a steady balance, physical therapy treatment aims to improve your vision, nerves, muscles, and the vestibular system as a whole.


Stretching can help you increase your range of motion and flexibility. It will also give you more control and allow you to react to your movements more quickly. They’ll keep your muscles from being too tight and stiff, and they’ll help you avoid damage.

Strengthening workouts

Your physical therapy evaluation will help you figure out which parts of your body need to be strengthened. There are strengthening exercises to help you strengthen your muscles, making it easier for you to move around and lowering your chance of injury.

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